The best works of world literature. The exploits of Hercules: a brief summary (myths of Ancient Greece)
Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman Civilizationsare considered the cradle of European culture. The literature of that time, preserved in myths and legends, hand-written scrolls and retold lists, found vivid reflection in almost all forms of art - painting, sculpture, architecture, music, cinema. Greek and Roman mythology is very popular. And Hercules, who is Hercules, an intrepid strong man, has become a figure of the nominal!
Biography of the hero
The Greeks themselves loved to retell each otherfeats of Hercules. Summary (myths of Ancient Greece and other sources) they can be found in various written documents of subsequent eras. The main character of these stories - a face uneasy. He is the son of the very god Zeus, the supreme ruler of Olympus, the thunder-storm and master of all other deities and mere mortals. And his mother is an ordinary woman. Offspring of such unions were called heroes. After all, they were endowed with great physical strength, military valor and, most importantly, immortality. And how can all of this benefit, we can tell the exploits of Hercules (summary). Myths of Ancient Greece say that he had to commit them at the behest of the jealous wife of Zeus, Hera. After all, it was she who took up arms against the illegal offspring of her unfaithful spouse and ordered him to be in the service of the cowardly and stupid Efrisfey. 12 of the most difficult tasks were required to fulfill the hero for his release.
The content of myths
The narrative of them is included in the notion of "the exploits of Hercules." A brief summary (the myths of Ancient Greece - the main source of information) are as follows.
- In the Kiferon Mountains, a ferocious lion-eater wanders aboutsuch a solid hide that it is impossible to penetrate anything. Hercules managed to trick the beast into a trap, strangle him, and the hero, who was taken off the Nemean lion, began to use the hero as his main clothes.
- Massacre with the Lernea hydra bright episodeincluded in the exploits of Hercules. A brief summary (the myths of ancient Greece, by the way, explain where the constellation of Cancer and Hydra originated from!) Is very interesting. Hydra - a monstrous form of a multiheaded snake, devouring all living things or poisoning its poison (bile). When Hercules fought against her, it was supported by all the inhabitants of land, water and sky. Only the cancer crawled out of its hole and bit the hero. For which he was crushed. However, the magnanimous giant threw him high into the sky, and the obstinate became a constellation.
- Enumerating the exploits of Hercules, a summarythem, it is worth mentioning about the victory over birds with steel feathers, sharp as arrows - Stymphal. And the cleaning of the Augean stables, the extraction of the magic apples of the Hesperides, for which our hero had to be in the role of the Atlantean, taming the mighty boar from Eryphania and the same terrible bull from the island of Crete - all this also added glory and honor to the strength and courage of Hercules!
... And other stories
What else are the exploits of Hercules interesting? The content of myths has brought to us such stories: the hero caught the pet of Artemis, the Cyrene deer; coped with Diomedes himself, the cruel-minded king, who fed his violent racehorses of foreign travelers; stole the belt from the very Hippolytus, the leader of the Amazons - wayward maidens-warriors. And even the cows in the three-headed Gerion - an eerie kind of giant - managed to steal! In total, the hero has about 50 miraculous feats. Not without reason in Greece there was even a cult of Hercules! That's what he is - a popular character in myths!
In Russian, the most fully described the content of most of the myths of the ancient Greeks, the historian-writer B. Kuhn.